Imagine a preschool room with one teacher standing in the midst of 20 rowdy 3-year-olds. If this sounds more than daunting, you aren’t wrong. In order to ensure the proper care and guidance of the littlest of students licensed child care centers must maintain a standard adult-child ratio. Although this varies by age, the ratio is set to ensure that every child gets enough attention during the course of the school day.
While adult-child ratios may seem like a no-brainer when it comes to maintaining adequate supervision in a child care center, not every site must follow exactly the same recommendations. Adult-child ratios are typically set by licensing agencies such as state child welfare or county department of public welfare offices. Although most ratios are fairly standard, different agencies may require slightly different numbers.
This means that if you move from New York City to San Francisco, you shouldn’t necessarily expect to see the same set of ratio rules. Another adult-child ratio that your child’s center may stick to is the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) accreditation standard. NAEYC accreditation means that the center meets the child development organization’s quality guidelines and isn’t the same as state or local government licensing.
The toddler and his growing sense of independence, coupled with his increased mobility and boundless energy, is a recipe for disaster without the watchful eye of a child care teacher nearby. That said, adult-child ratios for toddlers in day care or other early childhood programs is fairly low. For example, the South Dakota Department of Social Services states that there is a 1:5 adult-toddler ration for licensed centers.
NAEYC accredited centers must follow the early childhood education organization’s guidelines as well. These note that the number of adults to children in toddler groups vary by overall class size. If the group size is up to eight children, the teacher to toddler ratio is 1:4. Groups with 10 toddlers must follow a 1:5 ratio, and those with 12 children should maintain a ratio of 1:6.
Your preschooler may have more mature sensibilities than she did as a toddler, but that doesn’t mean that she doesn’t need constant supervision at child care. The more advanced development of a preschool aged child, in comparison to an infant or toddler, often means that the adult to child ratio is higher. For example, while the state of Dakota maintains a 1:5 ratio for toddlers, they have a a 1:10 ratio for kids who are ages 3 through 5-years. NAEYC’s accreditation standards for adult-child preschooler ratios is 1:8 for groups of 16 children, 1:9 for an 18-child class and 1:10 for a group size of 20.
Family Child Care
If you send, or are thinking of sending, your child to a family day care home, the ratios may look slightly different than those in a center-cased program. Like center or school types of programs, family child cares are also subject to licensing standards. Some state or local licensing agencies may set family child care adult-child ratios in terms of home or center size, number of total children in attendance and the age of the children.
For example, the state of California allows one adult to provide care to up to six children. If there is at least one child who is 6-years or older and one child in kindergarten or up, the ration moves to 1:8.
As the pressure to pass standardized tests increases, even preschools are spending more time on strictly academic subjects. Instead of a general introduction to the alphabet, many preschools include a ...Read More
Just because your little learner's lead teacher makes it look easy, doesn't mean that acting as an early childhood educator is simple. Teaching preschool age children requires highly specialized training ...Read More
The best time to send your child off to school depends largely on whom you ask. Proponents of starting kindergarten as early as possible believe it gives a child a ...Read More
Your little one may face a culture shock in daycare if your Christian values prevent him from doing things that are common in many daycare centers. That does not mean ...Read More
In the world of foster care and adoption, when it comes to siblings, keeping them together is always the first choice. Even though in your mind, you see yourselves all ...Read More
Most parents adore that toothless gummy grin, but whether you like it or not, teeth begin to surface as your baby turns around 6 months old and his first milk ...Read More
You can use the camera on your iPod Touch to take VGA-quality photos and store them on the device, but you can also transfer high-quality photos from your computer to ...Read More
Because it's not enough that your preschooler or kindergartner can build an amazing sand castle and (almost) tie her own shoes -- now you have to worry about her math ...Read More
While an early educational program might not ensure that your preschooler is Harvard bound, it can help her to learn better. Whether you are looking to build on a specific ...Read More
In the beginning of the PC revolution, when monitors where often 12 to 14 inches in size, using your keyboard directly in front of the screen was not an option; ...Read More
Instilling self-control by establishing and sticking with rules is the name of the game when it comes to reigning in misbehaving toddlers and preschoolers. Self-control -- something many adults could ...Read More
As the mom of a toddler or preschooler, you are probably well acquainted with the magic of dipping. There's just something about dunking her meal that can get even the ...Read More
Potty training is a normal part of every child's physical and emotional development, but not every child develops at the same pace. If your child is resistant to potty training ...Read More
The grief that accompanies parental death can trigger psychological side effects for your child. If these psychological effects are long term or if they interfere with your child’s emotional or ...Read More
According to the Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development, 80 percent of children living in the United States have at least one sibling. Many children have more than one sibling, and ...Read More
There are a number of psychological tests used to measure intellectual ability in children, but there are a limited number that are available for preschool-aged children. Although measurement of skills ...Read More
Toddlers are curious by nature. Young children in the toddler stage are discovering their independence and are interested in exploring the world around them. However, their exploration can lead to ...Read More
You don't have to break the bank to throw your little one a top-notch bash. Free or low-cost places such as public parks are creative alternatives to the more pricey ...Read More
If you're looking for a fun activity for you and your preschooler, (and an unforgettable party treat) these puppy cupcakes are sure to please. If you want to get creative ...Read More
Sensory play activities are enjoyable and educational for your toddler or preschooler. You're encouraged to join in the fun but expect to get your hands messy! Any pastime that stimulates ...Read More